Great Books 系列图书是

阅读

 

 

以下为书单

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Homer – Iliad; Odyssey

荷马 – 伊利亚德 奥德赛

The Old Testament

旧约

Aeschylus – Tragedies

埃斯库罗斯

Sophocles – Tragedies

索福克勒斯

Herodotus – Histories

希罗多德 – 历史

Euripides – Tragedies

欧里庇得斯

Thucydides – History of the Peloponnesian War

修西得底斯 – 伯罗奔尼撒战争

Hippocrates – Medical Writings

希波克拉底 – 医学

Aristophanes – Comedies

阿里斯托芬 – 喜剧

Plato – Dialogues

柏拉图 – 对话

Aristotle – Works

亚里士多德 -

Epicurus – "Letter to Herodotus"; "Letter to Menoecus"

伊壁鸠鲁

Euclid – Elements

欧几里德 – 几何原本

Archimedes – Works

阿基米德

Apollonius – Conics

阿波罗尼奥斯 – 圆锥曲线论

Cicero – Works (esp. Orations; On Friendship; On Old Age; Republic; Laws; Tusculan Disputations; Offices)

西塞罗 – 演说集,论友谊,论老年,

Lucretius – On the Nature of Things

卢克莱修 – 物性论

Virgil – Works (esp. Aeneid)

维吉尔 – 诗人

Horace – Works (esp. Odes and Epodes; The Art of Poetry)

Livy – History of Rome

李维 – 罗马史

Ovid – Works (esp. Metamorphoses)

Quintilian – Institutes of Oratory

 

Plutarch – Parallel Lives; Moralia

 

Tacitus – Histories; Annals; Agricola; Germania; Dialogus de oratoribus (Dialogue on Oratory)

塔西佗 -

Nicomachus of Gerasa – Introduction to Arithmetic

Epictetus – Discourses; Enchiridion

Ptolemy – Almagest

托勒密 -

Lucian – Works (esp. The Way to Write History; The True History; The Sale of Creeds; Alexander the Oracle Monger; Charon; The Sale of Lives; The Fisherman; Dialogue of the Gods; Dialogues of the Sea-Gods; Dialogues of the Dead)

 

Marcus Aurelius – Meditations

Galen – On the Natural Faculties

The New Testament

Plotinus – The Enneads

St. Augustine – "On the Teacher"; Confessions; City of God; On Christian Doctrine

奥古斯丁 -

The Volsungs Saga or Nibelungenlied

尼伯龙根之歌 -

The Song of Roland

罗兰之歌

The Saga of Burnt Njál

Maimonides – The Guide for the Perplexed

St. Thomas Aquinas – Of Being and Essence; Summa Contra Gentiles; Of the Governance of Rulers; Summa Theologica

托马斯 阿奎那

Dante Alighieri – The New Life (La Vita Nuova); "On Monarchy"; Divine Comedy

但丁

Geoffrey Chaucer – Troilus and Criseyde; The Canterbury Tales

乔叟

Thomas à Kempis – The Imitation of Christ

Leonardo da Vinci – Notebooks

达芬奇

Niccolò Machiavelli – The Prince; Discourses on the First Ten Books of Livy

马基雅维利

Desiderius Erasmus – The Praise of Folly; Colloquies

Nicolaus Copernicus – On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres

Thomas More – Utopia

托马斯 莫尔 – 乌托邦

Martin Luther – Table Talk; Three Treatises

François Rabelais – Gargantua and Pantagruel

拉伯雷 – 巨人传

John Calvin – Institutes of the Christian Religion

加尔文 -

Michel de Montaigne – Essays

蒙田

William Gilbert – On the Lodestone and Magnetic Bodies

Miguel de Cervantes – Don Quixote

塞万提斯 – 唐吉珂德

Edmund Spenser – Prothalamion; The Faerie Queene

 

Francis Bacon – Essays; The Advancement of Learning; Novum Organum; New Atlantis

培根

William Shakespeare – Poetry and Plays

Galileo Galilei – Starry Messenger; Two New Sciences

伽利略

Johannes Kepler – The Epitome of Copernican Astronomy; Harmonices Mundi

开普勒

William Harvey – On the Motion of the Heart and Blood in Animals; On the Circulation of the Blood; Generation of Animals

威廉 哈维

Grotius – The Law of War and Peace

Thomas Hobbes – Leviathan; Elements of Philosophy

托马斯 霍布斯

René Descartes – Rules for the Direction of the Mind; Discourse on the Method; Geometry; Meditations on First Philosophy; Principles of Philosophy; The Passions of the Soul

笛卡尔

Corneille – Tragedies (esp. The Cid, Cinna)

John Milton – Works (esp. the minor poems; Areopagitica; Paradise Lost; Samson Agonistes)

弥尔顿

Molière – Comedies (esp. The Miser; The School for Wives; The Misanthrope; The Doctor in Spite of Himself; Tartuffe; The Tradesman Turned Gentleman; The Imaginary Invalid; The Affected Ladies)

莫里哀

Blaise Pascal – The Provincial Letters; Pensées; Scientific Treatises

帕斯卡

Boyle – The Sceptical Chymist

 

Christiaan Huygens – Treatise on Light

惠更斯

Benedict de Spinoza – Political Treatises; Ethics

斯宾诺莎

John Locke – A Letter Concerning Toleration; Of Civil Government; An Essay Concerning Human Understanding; Some Thoughts Concerning Education

洛克

Jean Baptiste Racine – Tragedies (esp. Andromache; Phaedra; Athalie (Athaliah))

拉辛

Isaac Newton – Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy; Opticks

艾萨克 牛顿 – 自然科学的数学原理

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz – Discourse on Metaphysics; New Essays on Human Understanding; Monadology

莱布尼兹 – 形而上学论,单子论

Daniel Defoe – Robinson Crusoe; Moll Flanders

笛福 -

Jonathan Swift – The Battle of the Books; A Tale of a Tub; A Journal to Stella; Gulliver's Travels; A Modest Proposal

乔纳森·斯威夫特 – 书的战争,格列佛游记,一只桶的故事,一个温和的建议

William Congreve – The Way of the World

 

George Berkeley – A New Theory of Vision; A Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge

乔治·贝克莱 – 视觉新论,人类知识原理

Alexander Pope – An Essay on Criticism; The Rape of the Lock; An Essay on Man

亚历山大·蒲柏 – 批评论,人论

Charles de Secondat, baron de Montesquieu – Persian Letters; The Spirit of the Laws

孟德斯鸠 – 法的精神,

Voltaire – Letters on the English; Candide; Philosophical Dictionary

伏尔泰 – 哲学辞典,

Henry Fielding – Joseph Andrews; Tom Jones

亨利·菲尔丁 -《约瑟夫·安德鲁斯》《阿米莉亚》

Samuel Johnson – The Vanity of Human Wishes; Dictionary; Rasselas; Lives of the Poets

塞缪尔·约翰逊 – 论人类欲望的虚幻,词典

David Hume – A Treatise of Human Nature; Essays Moral and Political; An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding; History of England

休谟 – 人性论,英格兰史,人类理解论

 

Jean-Jacques Rousseau – Discourse on Inequality; On Political Economy; Emile: or, On Education; The Social Contract; Confessions、

卢梭

Laurence Sterne – Tristram Shandy; A Sentimental Journey Through France and Italy

劳伦斯·斯特恩 – 伤感旅行

Adam Smith – The Theory of Moral Sentiments; The Wealth of Nations

亚当 斯密 – 国富论

William Blackstone – Commentaries on the Laws of England

威廉·布莱克斯通 -

Immanuel Kant – Critique of Pure Reason; Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals; Critique of Practical Reason; Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics; The Science of Right; Critique of Judgment; Perpetual Peace

康德 – 纯粹理性批判,实践理性批判,判断力批判,论永久和平,

Edward Gibbon – The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire; Autobiography

爱德华·吉本 – 罗马帝国衰亡史

James Boswell – Journal; The Life of Samuel Johnson

詹姆斯·鲍斯韦尔

 

Antoine Laurent Lavoisier – Traité Élémentaire de Chimie (Elements of Chemistry)

拉瓦锡 -

Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison – Federalist Papers (together with the Articles of Confederation; United States Constitution and United States Declaration of Independence)

汉密尔顿,..  联邦条例

Jeremy Bentham – Comment on the Commentaries; Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation; Theory of Fictions

杰里米·边沁 – 道德和立法原理,

Johann Wolfgang Goethe – Faust; Poetry and Truth

歌德 – 浮士德,

Thomas Robert Malthus – An Essay on the Principle of Population

马尔萨斯 – 人口论

John Dalton – A New System of Chemical Philosophy

道尔顿 – 化学哲学的新体系

Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier – Analytical Theory of Heat

约瑟夫·傅里叶 – 热的分析

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel – The Phenomenology of Spirit; Science of Logic; Elements of the Philosophy of Right; Lectures on the Philosophy of History

黑格尔 – 精神现象学,逻辑学,法哲学

William Wordsworth – Poems (esp. Lyrical Ballads; Lucy poems; sonnets; The Prelude)

威廉·华兹华斯 -

Samuel Taylor Coleridge – Poems (esp. Kubla Khan; The Rime of the Ancient Mariner ); Biographia Literaria

塞缪尔·泰勒·柯尔律治

David Ricardo – On the Principles of Political Economy and Taxation

大卫 李嘉图 – 政治经济学与赋税原理

Jane Austen – Pride and Prejudice; Emma

简奥斯丁 -

Carl von Clausewitz – On War

卡尔·冯·克劳塞维茨 – 战争论

Stendhal – The Red and the Black; The Charterhouse of Parma; On Love

司汤达 – 红与黑

François Guizot – History of Civilization in France

弗朗索瓦·基佐 – 法国文明史

 

Lord Byron – Don Juan

拜伦 -唐璜

Arthur Schopenhauer – Studies in Pessimism

叔本华 – 悲观的研究

Michael Faraday – The Chemical History of a Candle; Experimental Researches in Electricity

迈克尔·法拉第 – 蜡烛的化学史

Nikolai Lobachevsky – Geometrical Researches on the Theory of Parallels

罗巴切夫斯基

Charles Lyell – Principles of Geology

查尔斯·莱尔 地质学原理

Auguste Comte – The Positive Philosophy

奥古斯特·孔德 实证主义哲学

Honoré Balzac – Works (esp. Le Père Goriot; Le Cousin Pons; Eugénie Grandet; Cousin Bette; César Birotteau)

巴尔扎克 -

Ralph Waldo Emerson – Representative Men; Essays; Journal

拉尔夫·沃尔多·爱默生

Nathaniel Hawthorne – The Scarlet Letter

纳撒尼尔·霍桑 – 红字

Alexis de Tocqueville – Democracy in America

托克维尔 – 美国的民主

John Stuart Mill – A System of Logic; Principles of Political Economy; On Liberty; Considerations on Representative Government; Utilitarianism; The Subjection of Women; Autobiography

约翰·穆勒 -

Charles Darwin – On the Origin of Species; The Descent of Man; Autobiography

达尔文 -

William Makepeace Thackeray – Works (esp. Vanity Fair; The History of Henry Esmond; The Virginians; Pendennis)

威廉·梅克比斯·萨克雷 – 名利场

Charles Dickens – Works (esp. Pickwick Papers; Our Mutual Friend; David Copperfield; Dombey and Son; Oliver Twist; A Tale of Two Cities; Hard Times)

狄更斯

Claude Bernard – Introduction to the Study of Experimental Medicine

  • 实验医学导论

George Boole – The Laws of Thought

乔治·布尔 – 思维规律的研究

Henry David Thoreau – Civil Disobedience; Walden

亨利·戴维·梭罗 – 论人民的不服从,瓦尔登湖

Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels – Das Kapital (Capital); The Communist Manifesto

马克思 恩格斯

George Eliot – Adam Bede; Middlemarch

乔治·艾略特

Herman Melville – Typee; Moby-Dick; Billy Budd

赫尔曼·梅尔维尔

Fyodor Dostoyevsky – Crime and Punishment; The Idiot; The Brothers Karamazov

陀思妥耶夫斯基 – 卡拉马佐夫兄弟

Gustave Flaubert – Madame Bovary; Three Stories

福楼拜 – 包法利夫人

Henry Thomas Buckle – A History of Civilization in England

英国文明史

Francis Galton – Inquiries into Human Faculties and Its Development

弗朗西斯·高尔顿  - 人类的才能及其发展研究

Bernhard Riemann – The Hypotheses of Geometry

波恩哈德·黎曼

Henrik Ibsen – Plays (esp. Peer Gynt; Brand; Hedda Gabler; Emperor and Galilean; A Doll's House; The Wild Duck; The Master Builder)

亨利克·易卜生

Leo Tolstoy – War and Peace; Anna Karenina; "What Is Art?"; Twenty-Three Tales

托尔斯泰 -

Richard Dedekind – Theory of Numbers

理查德·戴德金 -

Wilhelm Wundt – Physiological Psychology; Outline of Psychology

威廉·冯特 -生理心理学

Mark Twain – The Innocents Abroad; Adventures of Huckleberry Finn; A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court; The Mysterious Stranger

马克吐温

Henry Adams – History of the United States; Mont-Saint-Michel and Chartres; The Education of Henry Adams; Degradation of Democratic Dogma

亨利·亚当斯 -亨利·亚当斯的教育

Charles Peirce – Chance, Love, and Logic; Collected Papers

查尔斯·皮尔士 – 逻辑

William Sumner – Folkways

威廉·萨姆纳 – 民俗论

Oliver Wendell Holmes – The Common Law; Collected Legal Papers

习惯法

William James – The Principles of Psychology; The Varieties of Religious Experience; Pragmatism; A Pluralistic Universe; Essays in Radical Empiricism

威廉·詹姆斯 – 心理学原理

Henry James – The American; The Ambassadors

亨利·詹姆斯 – 使节

Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche – Thus Spoke Zarathustra; Beyond Good and Evil; On the Genealogy of Morality; The Will to Power; Twilight of the Idols; The Antichrist

尼采 – 查拉图斯特拉如是说,偶像的黄昏

Georg Cantor – Transfinite Numbers

格奥尔格·康托尔 -

Jules Henri Poincaré – Science and Hypothesis; Science and Method; The Foundations of Science

庞加莱 – 科学与假设 科学与方法

Sigmund Freud – The Interpretation of Dreams; Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality; Introduction to Psychoanalysis; Beyond the Pleasure Principle; Group Psychology and the Analysis of the Ego; The Ego and the Id; Civilization and Its Discontents; New Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis

弗洛伊德

George Bernard Shaw – Plays and Prefaces

萧伯纳

Max Planck – Origin and Development of the Quantum Theory; Where Is Science Going?;

Scientific Autobiography

普朗克 -

Henri Bergson – Time and Free Will; Matter and Memory; Creative Evolution; The Two Sources of Morality and Religion

亨利·柏格森  - 物质与记忆 时间和自由意志

John Dewey – How We Think; Democracy and Education; Experience and Nature; The Quest for Certainty; Logic – The Theory of Inquiry

约翰·杜威 – 民主和教育,确定性的追求,经验和自然

Alfred North Whitehead – A Treatise on Universal Algebra; An Introduction to Mathematics; Science and the Modern World; Process and Reality; The Aims of Education and Other Essays; Adventures of Ideas

阿尔弗雷德·诺尔司·怀特海 – 过程与实在,教育的目的

George Santayana – The Life of Reason; Scepticism and Animal Faith; The Realms of Being (which discusses the Realms of Essence, Matter and Truth); Persons and Places

乔治·桑塔耶拿 – 怀疑主义和动物信念

Vladimir Lenin – Imperialism; The State and Revolution

列宁

Marcel Proust – In Search of Lost Time (formerly translated as Remembrance of Things Past)

普鲁斯特 – 追忆似水年华

Bertrand Russell – Principles of Mathematics; The Problems of Philosophy; Principia Mathematica; The Analysis of Mind; An Inquiry into Meaning and Truth; Human Knowledge, Its Scope and Limits

罗素 – 数学原理

Thomas Mann – The Magic Mountain; Joseph and His Brothers

托马斯 曼 – 魔山

Albert Einstein – The Theory of Relativity; Sidelights on Relativity; The Meaning of Relativity; On the Method of Theoretical Physics; The Evolution of Physics

爱因斯坦

James Joyce – "The Dead" in Dubliners; A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man; Ulysses

詹姆斯·乔伊斯

Jacques Maritain – Art and Scholasticism; The Degrees of Knowledge; Freedom and the Modern World; A Preface to Metaphysics; The Rights of Man and Natural Law; True Humanism

雅克·马里坦 -

Franz Kafka – The Trial; The Castle

弗兰兹·卡夫卡

Arnold J. Toynbee – A Study of History; Civilization on Trial

阿诺德·约瑟夫·汤因比 – 历史研究

Jean-Paul Sartre – Nausea; No Exit; Being and Nothingness

让-保罗·萨特 – 存在与虚无

Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn – The First Circle; Cancer Ward